• Elementary Mathematics


    Elementary School Mathematics


    Arithmetic:  the branch of mathematics that deals with addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division;  the use of numbers in calculation


    Core Curriculum Standards:

     Click here to go to the New Jersey State web site and review the Core Curriculum Content Standards by grade.



    Beginning in 2011 grades K -2 began following a new set of standards adopted by New Jersey in 2010.  The new standards are called the Common Core standards and they have been adopted by many states across the country in an attempt to bring continuity to this county's math curriculums.  Beginning in 2017, NJ adoped the NJ Student Learning Standards - our own version of the Common Core (but very similar).  You can check out the Common Core standards for mathematics at the following site:



    Grades K & 1:

    In kindergarten and first grade, students are laying the foundation for all future math learning.  They learn their numbers and number relationships.  


    In order to proceed through the math content, students must be able to identify their numbers up to 100 without difficulty.  This is a skill that is practiced throughout the day, not only in math.  The students read page numbers, look at the calendar and tell time.  This all helps them practice number identification.


    Number relationships begin with finding patterns in groups of numbers.  When skip counting by 5's, the last number will always be 0 or 5.  This is a simple pattern.  By pointing out patterns to your child, you can help prepare them to succeed in math.  Once simple patterns are established, children can learn about addition and subtraction (grouping and separating amounts).  


    Grades 2, 3, & 4:

    In grades 2, 3, and 4, children combine information they already know with new information to produce new skills.   Multiplication is simply a short way to show a very long addition problem.  Division is a shorter way to show a very long subtraction problem.  


    They are also expected to develop their problem solving skills.  A child is naturally curious about how things work and what will happen if they change something.  Teachers can exploit this curiosity and turn it into rich problem solving lessons.  By presenting the children with problems and teaching them new methods to use to solve these problems, teachers are helping children build the toolboxes they will need to solve problems throughout their lives.


    Easy things to do at home:


     In the elementary grades, there are always easy things you can do at home to help your child succeed in math.  


        1)  Use flash cards to practice facts - a few at a time

       2)  Show your child coins and explain what they are for.  Let them count the money
            from your pocket.
       3)  Talk to them while you are measuring (for building, sewing, etc).  Explain how to
            measure with a tape measure
     and where to draw the line for cutting.
       4)  Let them help you cook and bake.  This is a great opportunity for counting and
            measuring.  You can talk
     about fractions, more and less, equal, an lots of other
           "math" words.


      5) Sit down with you child and review their homework. You do not have to correct every problem, but get a sense of whether your child understands the material.  If she doesn't, you can re-teach the topic, or you can send a note in to the teacher.  If your child continues to get many homework problems wrong, contact the teacher to find out how to resolve the problem.  


        A friendly, respectful partnership between you and your child's teacher with frequent communication is the most effective route to creating enthusiastic, confident learners.


    Summer Practice:

         In June, your child will bring home a packet of information outlining some of the ways you can keep math fresh over the summer.  Children loose many skills over the summer if they are not practiced.  The same way you encourage your child to read occasionally over the summer, you can encourage them to practice some math skills.