- There are 10 players on a softball team.
- The playing field is divided into the infield and outfield
- Bases are 60 feet apart.
- Players positioned near the bases, 60 to 90 feet from home plate are known as the infielders.
- Fielders positioned beyond the bases, are called the outfielders.
- Any ball going outside the 1st or 3rd base line is a foul ball ( runners can not advance and the batter gets another try unless the ball was caught in the air, which translates to an out)
- An official game is 7 innings (an inning is when both teams have had their turn to bat)
- Each team gets 3 outs per half inning when it is their turn to bat.
- The pitcher must have one foot on the pitcher’s rubber while pitching.
- The ball must be thrown underhand.
- The ball must be pitched between 6’ and 12’ to be legal.
- Batters must follow the same order throughout the whole game
- The batter is out if and when:
- three strikes have been called before 4 balls.
- a pitched ball swung at and missed is called a strike
- a fly ball is caught
- the batter does not stand in the batter’s box
- Runners must touch each base in order
- Runners may overrun 1st base only, all other bases the runner may be tagged and called out if they are off the base.
- Runners can not lead off a base, they must be on base until the ball has crosses the plate.
- After a fly ball has been caught, the base runner must tag the occupied base before advancing to the next base. This is called tagging up.
- One base runner can not pass another base runner that is ahead of them.
- Stealing a base is not permitted
- A runner is out if:
- a) they are tagged with the ball before reaching a base
- b) the ball gets to 1st base before the runner
- c) they run more than 3 feet out of the base line to avoid being tagged
- d) a runner not on base hit directly by a batted ball is out if they are in fair territory
- Ball- a legally pitched ball that does not enter the strike zone (four balls equals a walk)
- Grounder- A ball that is hit on the ground
- Force out- when the runner has to advance to the next base to make room for the following base runner.
- Fly ball- ball hit up in the air to the infield
- On deck- the next batter
- Pop up- ball hit up in the air to the infield
- Strike- term used when a ball is swung at and missed or is called when the ball enters the strike zone and is not swung at all.
- Strike zone- the ball passes the batter over the plate between their chest and knees
Right handed players should step with their left foot in the direction of their target when they throw.
Right handed batters should have their hands together with their right hand on top when gripping the bat.
On a line up card given to the umpire at the start of a game, a players name, and number will appear next to the position they are playing. The position will either be a number or an abbreviation that stands for the position. The number, abbreviation, and positions are listed below.
1 - P – Pitcher
2 - C – Catcher
3 - 1B – First Base
4 - 2B – Second Base
5 – 3B – Third Base
6 – SS – Shortstop
7 – LF - Left Field
8 – LC – Left Center
9 – RC – Right Center
10 – RF – Right Field
DH – Designated Hitter